Saturday, April 11, 2009

Indo-Aryan style in Gujrat

(The present temple is the seventh temple reconstructed on the original site. The first temple of Somnath is said to have existed before the beginning of the common era. The second temple, built by the Yadava kings of Vallabhi in Gujarat, replaced the first one on the same site around 649.
In 725 Junayad, the Arab governor of Sind, sent his armies to destroy the second temple. The Pratihara king Nagabhata II constructed the third temple in 815, a large structure of red sandstone.
In 1024, Mahmud Ghazni raided the temple from across the Thar Desert. The ruins were pulled down in 1950. The Somnath temple signified that the power of reconstruction as the present temple was built by the Shree Somnath Trust which looks after the entire complex of Shree Somnath and its environs. The Present temple, Kailash Mahameru Prasada, is built in the Chalukya style of temple architecture and reflects the skill of the Sompuras, Gujarat's master masons)
Gujrat and the west (A.D. 941 to 1311)
majority of it came up in the interim of over two and a half centuries between Mohmud of Ghazni's expeditions to Somnath in Kaithiawar in A.D. 1025-26 and the conquest of this part by the Sultans of Delhi in 1298.
SOLANKI DYNASTY; centering around Gujrat including Kathiawar, Kach, Rajputana with capital Anahilavada-Pattana.
most of it is non-exist on account of spoilation of by the conquerors and an earthquake in the beginning of 19th cent.

Buildings inspired by Solanki rulers, patronage of their ministers and governors who were prominent members of Jain faith.
The brothers Vastupala and Tejapala.

The temple style had same structural scheme of a shrine with its cella and a pillared hall or mandapa.
resolved into two kinds
1)the two compartments to unite within a parallelogram
2) the two are attached diagonally

The former one applied to earlier period that of Modhera ( 11 th cent.); its detached hypostyle hall or sabha-mandapa
The temple of Somnath(12 th cent.) had the diagonal arrangement in the latter.

Some temple angles were straight sided and other being rounded or foliated, some examples had two or even three stories.

The elevation gets divided into three parts:
1) basement or pitha
2) the mandovara or wall-face up to the entablature or cornice
3) superstructure, vimana, the spire or the shikhara
Somehow it was here that scuplted interiors got into practice, too.
Orissan temple interiors were bare absolutely. Khajuraho temples also had profusely exterior carvings only. The relatively dark interiors temple had little scope of carvings there.
Jain temples on the contrary had also switched over to the interior carving practice.

Solanki dynasty; the principal buildings are below-

10th century... Temples at Sunak, Kanoda, Delmal, and Kasara, in Gujrat

11th century... The Navalakha temple at Ghumli and Sejakpur in Kathiawar: Surya temples at Modhera in Gujrat: Vimala temple at Mount Abu, Rajputana and the group at Karadu in Mewar.

12th century... The Rudra Mala( fragments only)at Siddhapur, Gujrat: Somnath( several times restored) Kathiawar.

13th century... Tejpala at Mount Abu, Rajputana

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