Saturday, April 11, 2009

Indo-Aryan Style, Rajputana and Central India

Rajputana and Central India (8th to 11 th centuries)
Inspired by the Gupta dynasty in the fourth, fifth and sixth centuries....
The succeeding phase of the Gupta style flourished from about eighth to the eleventh centuries, shortly after which demolition of many of the temples in northern India by the followers of conquerors not only removed the existing examples, but brought to an end any further building of this kind.

Saugor in Central India, at Eran structures represent a period of 6 centuries, from 5th to 11 th cent. It chose affinity to Chandella group at Khajuraho.
All records of this series showed more compact group of structures at the temples of OSIA near Jodhpur. The abandoned village of Osia had 16 Brahmanical and Jain Temples. Dedicated to Harihara, two were falling under panchayatna class.
All were raised upon plinths like at Khajuraho.
However their shikharas were of early Orissan style.
Three early temples at Osia.
In one Mandapa is open pillared hall. The lower part supporting the sloping seat back or asana and every part of it was heavily carved.
The jain temple dedicated to Mahavira, having sanctum, a closed hall, open porch fronted by torana, example pertaining to the end of 8th cent.

Most graceful of the entire group is the temple dedicated to the sun-god Surya; of the panchayatana, it's four subsidiary shrines being connected by a cloister(sal), it's elegant proportion to shikhara and fine ornamentation of 'vase and foliage' in order of its columns.
Temple of Mata De at Gyaspur
The triple-shrined Vaishnava temple near Amvan in Kota state.
Temple of Kalika Mata at Chitorgarh
all evidently of equal date.

Temple of Pipla Devi at Osia
Temple of Jageswara at Saladi in Godvad
The final phase in temple development is dedicated to that of Sachiya Mata

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